Mikulov

Collegiate Chapter

Exhibition - The History of the Noted Collegiate Chapter and Church of Saint Wenceslas in Mikulov

The important Collegiate Chapter of St Wenceslas´ Church in Mikulov was founded by Cardinal František of Dietrichstein with Pope ´s permit in 1625. The purpose to be implemented by the Provost and four canons was spiritual service to the citizens and regular prayers. In 1772 following release of the new Chapter Statute the number of members of the Chapter was increased to eight. To date the Chapter has been headed by together 25 Provosts, a number of them significant figures of their time, and others providing material equipment and having reconstructions of the Chapter building made. In addition to the Mikulov Chapter there are another three in Moravia: in Brno, in Olomouc and in Kroměříž.

History

The Important Collegiate Chapter of St Wenceslas´ Church in Mikulov, as the complete official title goes, was founded with permit of Pope Gregory 15th by Cardinal František of Dietrichstein by Foundation Charter of 22 August 1625. The first superior – Provost – was Jiří Otislav of Kopenice, before a Mikulov priest and dean (these offices were later combined with the Chapter Provost position). The tasks of the Provost and the four canons included spiritual service to the citizens of the town in the first place, and also organisation of regular everyday prayers. Material equipment of the new institution was provided by the Cardinal from his own resources and later further extended by other Provosts. The foundation of the Chapter, the fourth Chapter in the country, helped increase prestige of Mikulov, then the biggest peasant centre in Moravia. The founder of the Chapter ordered the Mikulov Provosts to be appointed on the basis of proposal from the owner of the estate. As for the Church hierarchy the Chapter was administered by the Olomouc Bishop, or Archbishop, until 1783, when the administration was transferred to Brno. A year later a second parish was established in Mikulov by St. John the Baptist ´s Church, and the function of spiritual service provider was performed by one of the members of the Chapter there. Since the very beginning the Provost and the canons lived in houses in the close surroundings of St. Wenceslas´ Church, largely reconstructed to their present shape in late 17th century by Provost Petr Reharmont. After release of the new Statute of the Chapter in 1772 the number of its members was increased to eight.
To date the Chapter has been headed by together 25 Provosts, a number of them significant figures of their time, including the last two, Vladimír Nováček and the present Provost Stanislav Krátký, both of whom got to know the life of Communist political prisoners. The most outstanding Provosts of the past include for example Mikuláš Dufour of Vionna (Provost in the years 1781-1809), sent by Emperor Joseph II to calm down the excited religious situation in Lower Austria, and working also as serious alchemist helping Princess Maria Kristine of Dietrichstein in her laboratory at the chateau, or Vincenc Weintridt (Provost in the years 1843-1849), a major thinker and theologian, or the writer Karl Landsteiner (Provost in the years 1886-1909). Other Provosts improved the material condition of the Chapter and had the Chanter and the church reconstructed. On the other had, there were also a number of Provosts who used their position for material advantage only.

Contact

Opening hours

  • April and October
    Tuesday – Sunday 9.00 a.m. – 4.00 p.m.
  • May, June, September
    Tuesday – Sunday 9.00 a.m. – 5.00 p.m.
  • July – August
    Tuesday – Sunday 9.00 a.m. – 6.00 p.m.

 

Admission

  • Full CZK 20
  • Reduced CZK 10