Mikulov

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The restoration of the Way of the Cross in Mikulov

The Way of the Cross on Holy Hill in Mikulov is one of the oldest surviving Ways of the Cross in the Czech Lands. The buildings on the summit of Holy Hill are highly exposed to unfavourable climatic conditions which results in frequent damage. The buildings have had to be repaired repeatedly over the course of the centuries.

Sample imageAs around twenty years have already passed since the last renovation of the buildings on the Way of Cross in the years 1989–1997, their structural condition has again necessitated restoration work. In view of the demanding nature of repairs to this unique monument and its importance in shaping the image the town presents to the world, the Town of Mikulov has become involved in the preparations for the restoration of the Way of the Cross and decided to take the individual buildings into temporary loan from the church for the purpose of their repair.

The first project for the overall renovation of the Way of the Cross was drawn up in 2009. The aim of the project was not merely the structural renovation of all the buildings on the Way of the Cross, but also the restoration and renewal of their interior decoration. A number of individual activities have had to be initiated separately, however, as it did not prove possible to obtain a grant to renovate the Way of the Cross in its entirety. These activities have, thankfully, made it possible to repair the entire Way of the Cross.

Renovation of the Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre

The first activity commencing the renovation of the Way of the Cross was the restoration of the Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre. The owner of the building – the Roman Catholic Parish of Saint Wenceslas in Mikulov – repaired the chapel from August 2009 to May 2010 with the help of a financial subsidy from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development as part of the measure Implementation of the Local Development Strategy of the Mikulov Area Local Action Group. The total volume of financing for the project amounted to around 1.1 million crowns. The project encompassed the repair of the entire exterior wall of the chapel, the repair of interior plastering and the floor, renovation of the entry grating and restoration of the statue of Jesus Christ.

Donor SMS test messages

The general public was also engaged in the project to rescue the chapels on Holy Hill. The public could make contributions to the renovation in the form of donor SMS text messages. The Association of Friends of Mikulov worked with the Town of Mikulov on the organisation of this collection which took place from April 2012 to September 2014. More than 130,000 CZK was donated into its account during this time. The restoration of the statue of Christ in Chapel 7 was paid for from these means in 2013. The work was performed by students from the Faculty of Restoration at the University of Pardubice. The restoration work cost 81,000 CZK. A new metal grating for Chapel 12 was made by Kovářství Duben (Duben Smithery) in Horní Věstonice in 2014 with the remaining financial means.

A grant from ROP SOUTH-EAST

The Town of Mikulov managed to obtain an 85 % subsidy within the framework of the project “Renovation and Use of the Cultural and Historical Landscape in the Holy Hill Locality in Mikulov” from the Regional Operational Programme South-East. The total costs of the project amounted to 7.7 million CZK. The project, which was implemented from September 2013 to June 2015, aimed to perform the complete repair of the exterior walls of Saint Sebastian’s Chapel and the bell tower. The interiors of the bell tower, in which a new permanent exhibition on the history of the Way of the Cross was established, were also repaired. The project also took in repairs to the entry stairway to the Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre, which was in a catastrophic condition, and the creation of the educational footpath Holy Hill in Mikulov, including rest areas.

A grant from the Small Projects Fund

The Town of Mikulov implemented a project entitled “Saving the Chapels on Holy Hill” from November 2011 to December 2012, during which the statues in Chapels 1, 4 and 5 were restored. The restoration work consisted of the restoration of the stone and polychromy of a total of eight statues located in these chapels. The Austrian town of Falkenstein acted as foreign partner to the project which was financed from the Small Projects Fund of South Moravia–Lower Austria and whose total financial volume amounted to around 600,000 CZK.

A description of the work performed and some photographs can be found in the section below – see Chapels 1, 4 and 5.

Building renovation of the chapels on Holy Hill in Mikulov


Chapel 1
Adopted by: Aleš Strobl, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: March–May 2011 the surrounding area cleared of self-seeded vegetation, renovation of the roof and front of the chapel. September 2012 renovation of interior plastering performed. Three sides of the exterior wall still await renovation.
Renovation of interior decoration: August 2012 restoration of stone and polychromy on both statues and renovation of grating performed, co-financed by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund with the participation of the Town of Mikulov – see above.

Chapel 2
Adopted by: Vojtěch Vymyslický, s.r.o., Brno
Exterior renovation: June 2012 completion of clearance of self-seeded vegetation from the surrounding area, repair of the roof and interior and exterior plastering and overall repairs to the brick entry stairway.
Renovation of interior decoration: the company S:LUKAS, s.r.o., Brno donated restoration work on the sculptural decoration – November 2011 cleaning of the statue performed, September 2012 reinforcement and renewal of stone on the statue, November 2012 completion of restoration of colour polychromy on the statue.

Chapel 3
Adopted by: Jana Pirogovová, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: December 2013 removal of crumbling plastering and fixation of repaired grating. May 2014 repair of exterior plastering completed.
Renovation of interior decoration: July–November 2013 restoration of stone and polychromy performed on all three statues. Overall restoration of statues performed with the help of financial assistance from the Ministry of Culture, the South Moravian Region and the Town of Mikulov. A protective canopy fitted temporarily above the statues to protect them from rainwater dripping from cracks in the rock.

Chapel 4
Adopted by: Pavel Šuba – roofer, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: November 2011 surrounding area and chapel roof cleared of self-seeded vegetation, removal of crumbling plaster and loose parts of chapel roof. April 2012 repairs to the roof. June 2012 repairs to exterior plastering and entry stairs. August 2012 painting of plasterwork and cleaning of floor. November 2012 fitting of repaired entry grating and gratings on side windows.
Renovation of interior decoration: October 2012 restoration of stone on all three statues performed, including renewal of missing parts. This repair work was co-financed by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund with the participation of the Town of Mikulov – see above. August–November 2013 stage two performed – the restoration of polychromy on all three statutes + renewal of missing scourges on bailiffs. This work was performed with the financial assistance of the Ministry of Culture, the South Moravian Region and the Town of Mikulov.
The chapel has now been completely repaired.

Chapel 5

Adopted by: Michal Marcinčák, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: May 2012 area surrounding chapel cleared of self-seeded vegetation. July 2012 repairs performed to roof and exterior and interior plastering. September 2012 repaired grating fitted and plastering painted. The repeat repair of damaged exterior plastering remains to be performed.
Renovation of interior decoration: August 2012 restoration of stone and polychromy on all three statues performed, co-financed by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund with the participation of the Town of Mikulov – see above.
 
Chapel 6
Adopted by: Radovan Král, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: June 2012 overall renovation performed to the chapel including clearance of the surrounding area, repairs to the roof and interior and exterior plastering, including painting, and repair to entry grating.
Renovation of interior decoration: June–October 2011 stage one performed – restoration of stone on both statues. August 2012 stage two performed – restoration of polychromy on both statues. Overall restoration of the statues was performed with the financial assistance of the Ministry of Culture with the participation of the Town of Mikulov.
The chapel has now been completely repaired.

Chapel 7
Adopted by: Ivo Hrdlička, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: November 2011 surrounding area and chapel roof cleared of self-seeded vegetation, removal of exterior and interior plastering. August 2012 repairs performed to roof and exterior and interior plastering. November 2012 repaired entry grating fitted. All that remains to be done is to re-lay the full-brick paving.
Renovation of interior decoration: November 2013 overall restoration of statue completed – project financed from the proceeds of donor SMS text messages – see above.

Chapel 8
Adopted by: Keltex, s.r.o., Brno
Exterior renovation: May 2012 overall renovation of chapel performed, including repairs to the roof and interior and exterior plastering, including painting, repairs to full-brick floor, repairs to grating and entry stairs. December 2013 masonry on west side of chapel front treated for damp – financed by the Town of Mikulov.
Renovation of interior decoration: November 2013 restoration of wall painting “Jesus Meets Veronica” completed – financed by the Town of Mikulov.

Chapel 9
Adopted by: Petr Marcinčák, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: May 2012 area around the chapel cleared of self-seeded vegetation and crumbling plaster removed. October 2012 renovation work completed – repairs to the roof and exterior and interior plastering, brick floor replaced and entry grating painted.
Renovation of interior decoration: November 2013 replica of the painting on wood “Jesus Falls under the Cross” completed – financed by the Town of Mikulov.
The chapel has now been completely repaired.

Chapel 10
Adopted by: Rotary Club, Uherský Brod
Exterior renovation: September 2011 overall renovation of the chapel performed, including repairs to exterior and interior plastering, including painting, repairs to brick floor and entry stairs and production of a new grating closing the entryway. December 2013 masonry on north side of chapel front treated for damp – financed by the Town of Mikulov.
Renovation of interior decoration: November 2013 a new wall painting “Jesus Stripped of His Vestments” completed – financed by the Town of Mikulov.

Chapel 11
Adopted by: The Galant Winery and Hotel, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: April 2012 overall renovation of the chapel performed, including repairs to the roof and interior and exterior plastering, including painting, repairs to full-brick floor and entry stairway. December 2013 new entry grating fitted – its renovation donated by the company KOVO PROKEŠ, Mikulov.
Renovation of interior decoration: November 2013 restoration of the fresco by Rudolf Gajdoš completed – financed by the Town of Mikulov.
The chapel has now been completely repaired.

Chapel 12
Adopted by: IMAGO v.o.s., Brno
Exterior renovation: August 2012 overall restoration of the chapel performed, taking in repairs to the roof and interior and exterior plastering, including painting, and repairs to the full-brick floor. December 2012 new forged entry grating fitted – the project was financed from the proceeds of donor SMS text messages and by the Town of Mikulov.

Chapel 13
Adopted by: Miroslav Zvonek, Věra Karpíšková, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: July 2012 overall renovation of the chapel performed, taking in repairs to the roof and interior and exterior plastering, including painting, repairs to full-brick floor and entry grating.
The interior of the chapel was newly decorated in 2015 with a motif of The Descent from the Cross.

Chapel 14
Adopted by: Mr and Mrs Leskovjan, Mikulov
Exterior renovation: Repairs to the roof cladding performed in 2013 with a final layer made of soap-block concrete, removal of old interior and exterior plastering and application of new plaster base. July 2015 renewal of interior and exterior plastering completed and restored entry grating fitted.
The interior of the chapel was newly decorated in 2015 with a motif of The Resurrection.

Other activities

Sponsorship of the renovation of the chapels – the company KEIM s.r.o. and the company Krkonošské vápenky Kunčice, a.s. supplied their products at sponsored prices – high-quality paint materials and plaster mixes designed for the renovation of listed buildings. These materials were used for the renovation of the great majority of the chapels.

Charity event – a picture by the painter and graphic designer Jánuš Kubíček from Brno entitled A View of Mikulov was auctioned here in June 2011. The picture was donated by the painter’s son Adam Kubíček. Part of the proceeds from the auction were used by the town to cover its participation in the subsidy from the Ministry of Culture which was provided for the performance of stage one of the restoration of two statues in Chapel 6.

In 2012, the Town of Mikulov received a gift from a private individual amounting to one million CZK for the repair of buildings on the Way of the Cross on Holy Hill. This money will be used in 2014 to co-finance repairs to Saint Sebastian’s Chapel, the bell tower and the stairs to the Chapel of the Holy Sepulchre.