Mikulov

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The Countryside around Portz Insel

The countryside of today’s floodplain of the stream Včelínek (in German Niklasgraben) which begins a short distance south of Mikulov in Austria, has a rich and varied history.


In geological history there was a larger watercourse probably flowing here, equivalent in volume to the present-day river Dyje, which now flows northwards around the Pavlov Hills in the layers deposited in the Mesozoic and in particular Tertiary eras. Sedimentation soils with high salinity developed here and sulphur springs arose. That is why people built and operated ponds in this area from the Middle Ages onward

At present, Nový and Sedlecký ponds are in the vicinity, more distant is Šibeník pond, Horní and Dolní Mušlovský ponds are situated on the outskirts of Mikulov, and in the opposite direction the system of Lednice ponds extends, with the biggest Moravian pond named Nesyt. Diverse biotopes, more or less affected by water, gradually evolved here. The floodplain is favourable for mixed ash-alder floodplain woods, but the largest areas here are covered by wetland willows and reeds. Locally they are adjoined by fields and, near the summer house, by the newly planted vineyards.

The appearance of Portz Insel surroundings was greatly changed due to the development of the railway line (Břeclav – Znojmo) and the establishment of the “border zone”.

View of the summer house Portz Insel by Nový rybník

View of the summer house Portz Insel by Nový rybník

Horní Mušlovský rybník and View of the Holy Hill in Mikulov

Horní Mušlovský rybník                                                           View of the Holy Hill in Mikulov

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