Jewish cemetery and ceremonial hall

One of the most significant monuments of its kind in the country

One of the most significant monuments of its kind in the country

Jewish cemetery and ceremonial hall

The large Jewish cemetery in Mikulov is one of the most significant monuments of its kind in the country. The first funerals after the establishment of the local Jewish community date from around mid 15th century. The oldest survived tomb stone dates from 1605.

The cemetery was built in three stages. Today it contains around 4,000 tombs. The most valuable and the most frequently visited section in the Rabbis Peak with tombs of Mikulov and Moravian regional rabbis.

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basic information

Price

full admission CZK 40
concessions CZK 25 (children, students, pensioners)

Opening hours

June
Sunday – Friday: 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.
July – September
Sunday – Friday: 10 a.m. – 6 p.m.
October
Tuesday – Friday, Sunday: 11 a.m. – 4 p.m.

The Jewish cemetery can be opened outside visiting hours, but only by prior arrangement (at least 2 days in advance) via email: info@zidovskyhrbitovmikulov.cz or by phone (+420 731 484 500).

One of the oldest and largest Jewish cemeteries in the country dates from around mid 15th century, when the Jewish community settled in Mikulov. The cemetery is situated on the western slope of the Kozí hill, with access from the town, i.e. from the south. Thanks to the terrain configuration the shape of the cemetery is quite irregular. Its area is nearly 20,000 m2. The shape of the cemetery indicates three stages of its extension. The earliest part of the cemetery is represented by the south-eastern section along the eastern wall between the today bricked up entrance and the memorial to the victims of World War I with the original entry path. In early 17th century the cemetery was extended with the north-eastern section as far as the western wall and the lane behind the Rabbis Peak with the tombs of the local and later also Moravian regional rabbis. The Rabbis Peak is the most valuable and most frequently visited part of the cemetery. The present size was acquired by the cemetery in late 19th century by attachment of the plot on the northern side behind the Rabbis Peak with a small gate in the western corner. A new entrance was made in the southern part of the cemetery with a forged entrance gate. There a new funeral hall and a morgue were built in the retro style pursuant to the design of the Viennese Architect Max Fleischer (1898).

The whole cemetery is surrounded with a massive protective wall of stone and brick, probably dating from 1760s. The cemetery includes around 4,000 tombstones arranged in thick irregular rows in the east-west direction and very clearly illustrating development of Jewish funeral sculpture in Moravia.

Towards the end of 19th century the cemetery was divided into seven groups and rows marked with a combination of Roman and Arabic numbers. The oldest preserved legible tombstone is the tombstone of Samuel ben Leb Ashkenazi of 1605.

In addition to the tomb stones the Jewish cemetery also includes a memorial of 25 Mikulov soldiers killed in World War I and a memorial of 21 Jewish prisoners from Hungary, shot dead by Germans in Mikulov on 15 April 1945. The latter memorial was unveiled in 1975.

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